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  • Micheal Daniel Micheal Daniel
  • 16 min read

How to Write Introduction of an Essay

The introduction of an essay plays a pivotal role in capturing the reader’s attention, setting the tone for the entire piece, and outlining the main points that will be explored. It’s a crucial component of effective writing, as it can either engage or deter the reader from delving further into your work. We will discuss the art of crafting a compelling essay introduction. We will explore the essential elements of a strong introduction, providing practical tips and insights to help writers of all levels improve their introductory paragraphs. By the end of this article, you will have a clearer understanding of how to create introductions that leave a lasting impression and draw your audience into your writing.

How to Start an Essay Introduction

Starting an essay introduction effectively is crucial because it sets the tone for the entire piece and captures the reader’s attention. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to start an essay introduction:

  1. Hook Your Reader: Begin with a compelling hook that grabs the reader’s attention. The hook can take various forms, such as a question, anecdote, quote, surprising fact, or description. The goal is to make the reader want to continue reading.
    • Question: Pose a thought-provoking question related to your topic. Example: “Have you ever wondered what it would be like to explore the depths of the ocean, where sunlight cannot penetrate and mysterious creatures abound?”
    • Anecdote: Share a short, engaging story or personal experience that relates to your essay’s subject. Example: “As I stood at the edge of the towering cliff, I couldn’t help but think about the daring adventure that lay ahead.”
    • Quote: Start with a relevant and impactful quote from a notable person or a literary work. Example: “Albert Einstein once said, ‘Imagination is more important than knowledge.’ This statement resonates deeply in today’s world of innovation and creativity.”
    • Surprising Fact/Statistic: Present a surprising or compelling fact or statistic related to your topic. Example: “Did you know that the average person spends over five years of their life on social media platforms? The digital age has transformed the way we connect and communicate.”
    • Description: Paint a vivid picture with descriptive language to immerse the reader in your topic. Example: “The sun dipped below the horizon, casting a warm, golden glow over the tranquil village nestled in the valley. Smoke spiraled from chimneys, and the scent of freshly baked bread wafted through the air.”
  2. Provide Context: After the hook, provide some background information or context for your essay. Explain the topic briefly and mention any relevant historical, social, or cultural context that the reader needs to understand. Example: “In today’s fast-paced world, where technology and connectivity dominate our daily lives, the concept of solitude might seem like a distant memory. Yet, the value of solitude, as explored in this essay, remains as relevant as ever.”
  3. Thesis Statement: End your introduction with a clear and concise thesis statement. The thesis statement should convey the main argument or purpose of your essay. It serves as a roadmap for what the reader can expect in the rest of the essay. Example: “This essay will argue that solitude is not merely a lack of social interaction but a vital space for self-reflection, creativity, and personal growth. Through examining historical examples, psychological studies, and personal anecdotes, we will uncover the profound benefits of embracing moments of solitude.”

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Purpose of the introduction

The introduction of a written work serves several important purposes:

  1. Engaging the Reader: One of the primary functions of an introduction is to grab the reader’s attention. It does this by using a compelling hook, such as an interesting fact, a thought-provoking question, or a captivating anecdote. Engaging the reader from the start encourages them to continue reading.
  2. Providing Context: The introduction sets the stage by providing background information and context for the topic. It helps the reader understand what the subject is, why it’s important, and any relevant historical or contextual information necessary for comprehension.
  3. Stating the Thesis or Main Argument: A crucial function of the introduction is to present the thesis statement or the main argument of the work. This concise statement tells the reader what the author’s main point or purpose is. It serves as a roadmap for the rest of the document.
  4. Outlining the Scope: The introduction clarifies the scope of the work, outlining what aspects of the topic will be covered and what won’t. This helps manage the reader’s expectations and avoids confusion about the document’s focus.
  5. Establishing Relevance: It explains why the topic is relevant or significant. This could involve discussing real-world implications, consequences, or broader societal relevance. By doing so, it helps the reader understand why they should care about the subject matter.
  6. Guiding the Reader: The introduction often includes a brief overview or roadmap of the document’s structure. It tells the reader what to expect in terms of the order of topics, major sections, and the logical flow of the content. This helps the reader navigate the text more effectively.
  7. Setting the Tone: The introduction establishes the tone and style of the writing. Whether the document is formal, informal, academic, persuasive, or informative, the introduction should provide a preview of the writing style to come.
  8. Creating a First Impression: The introduction is the reader’s first impression of the work. A well-crafted introduction can make a positive impact and encourage the reader to continue reading with interest. Conversely, a weak or poorly structured introduction may deter the reader.
  9. Motivating the Reader: Beyond just engaging the reader’s interest, the introduction should motivate them to read further. It should make a compelling case for why the reader should invest their time in the document and engage with the author’s ideas.

What to Include in an Essay Introduction

An introduction serves as the opening section of a piece of writing, whether it’s an essay, research paper, report, or any other type of document. Its primary purpose is to provide the reader with an overview of what to expect in the rest of the text and to engage their interest. Here are the key elements to include in an introduction:

  1. Hook or Attention-Grabber:
    • Begin with a compelling sentence or statement that grabs the reader’s attention. This can be a shocking fact, a rhetorical question, an anecdote, a relevant quote, or a thought-provoking idea. The goal is to pique the reader’s interest and make them want to continue reading.
  2. Background Information:
    • Provide some background information on the topic to give context to your reader. This helps them understand the subject matter and its relevance. Mention any key historical events, concepts, or terms that are important for comprehension.
  3. Thesis Statement:
    • Clearly state your thesis or the main argument of your work. The thesis statement should be concise and specific, outlining the central point or purpose of your writing. It guides the reader on what to expect in the rest of the text.
  4. Scope and Purpose:
    • Explain the scope of your work, including what aspects of the topic you will be addressing and what you won’t. This helps manage the reader’s expectations and prevents confusion.
  5. Significance and Relevance:
    • Discuss why the topic is important or relevant. Explain why your reader should care about it or what broader implications it has. Highlight any real-world issues, debates, or consequences related to the subject.
  6. Roadmap or Overview:
    • Briefly outline the structure of your document. Mention the main sections or points you will cover and the order in which they will appear. This gives the reader a clear sense of the organization of your work.
  7. Transition to Body:
    • Transition smoothly from the introduction to the body of your text. This can be a sentence that bridges the gap and prepares the reader for the in-depth exploration of your topic.
  8. Tone and Style:
    • Consider the tone and style appropriate for your audience and the type of document. Your introduction should set the tone for the rest of the work, whether it’s formal, informal, academic, persuasive, or informative.
  9. Length:
    • Keep your introduction concise but informative. It should be long enough to cover the necessary points but not so long that it overwhelms the reader.

How Long Should an Introduction be

The length of an introduction in an essay can vary depending on the overall length of the essay and the complexity of the topic. However, as a general guideline, an introduction should typically be around 5-10% of the total word count of your essay. For example, in a 1000-word essay, the introduction should be roughly 50-100 words long.

The purpose of the introduction is to provide background information on the topic, introduce the main thesis or argument of the essay, and outline the structure of the essay. It should be concise and engaging, capturing the reader’s attention and giving them a clear idea of what to expect in the rest of the essay.

While it’s important to provide enough context and information to set the stage for your essay, avoid unnecessary details or overly complex explanations in the introduction. Save the detailed arguments and evidence for the body paragraphs of your essay. Focus on making your introduction clear, concise, and engaging to encourage readers to continue reading the rest of your work.

Read more on How to write an evaluation essay

Essay Introduction Outline

Creating an outline for your essay introduction is a helpful way to organize your thoughts and ensure that you include all the necessary elements. Here’s an outline for an essay introduction:

I. Hook (Opening Sentence)

  • Start with an attention-grabbing hook that captivates the reader’s interest.
  • Consider using a question, anecdote, quote, surprising fact, or description.

II. Background Information or Context

  • Provide some brief background information or context related to your topic.
  • Explain why the topic is important or relevant.

III. Thesis Statement

  • State your clear and concise thesis statement, which presents the main argument or purpose of your essay.
  • Make sure your thesis is specific and debatable.

IV. Preview of Main Points

  • Offer a brief overview of the key points or arguments you will discuss in the body of your essay.
  • This helps the reader understand the structure of your essay and what to expect.

V. Transition to the Body of the Essay

  • Include a transitional sentence that smoothly connects your introduction to the first paragraph of the body of your essay.

Here’s a sample essay introduction outline using a fictional topic, “The Impact of Technology on Society”:

  Hook (Opening Sentence)

  • Start with a surprising fact: “In the span of a decade, smartphones have become more ubiquitous than toothbrushes.”

 Background Information or Context

  • Provide context: “As technology continues to advance at a rapid pace, it’s essential to examine its profound influence on various aspects of society.”

 Thesis Statement

  • Present the thesis: “This essay will argue that while technology has brought convenience and connectivity to our lives, it has also raised concerns about privacy, social interaction, and ethical considerations.”

 Preview of Main Points

  • Overview of key points: “We will explore the positive impacts of technology on communication and productivity, as well as delve into the challenges it poses regarding data privacy and human connection.”

Transition to the Body of the Essay

  • Transition sentence: “To understand the full scope of technology’s influence, let’s first explore its positive effects on our daily lives.”

By following this outline, you can create a structured and engaging introduction for your essay that effectively introduces your topic, provides context, presents your thesis, and gives the reader a glimpse of what to expect in the upcoming paragraphs. This helps set the tone for your entire essay and keeps the reader engaged from the beginning.

What Is a Thesis Statement?

A thesis statement is a concise sentence that summarizes the main point or argument of a piece of writing. It guides the reader and focuses the writer on a specific topic or claim.

How to Construct a Thesis Statement?

Constructing a strong thesis statement is a critical step in essay writing. It serves as the central point or main argument of your essay and provides a roadmap for your readers. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to construct a thesis statement:

  1. Understand the Assignment: Before you begin crafting your thesis statement, make sure you thoroughly understand the essay prompt or assignment. What is the topic you are supposed to write about? What is the purpose of your essay (e.g., argumentative, informative, persuasive)?
  2. Brainstorm Your Ideas: Take some time to brainstorm ideas and concepts related to the topic. Consider what you want to say or prove about the subject matter. Write down key points, arguments, or questions that come to mind.
  3. Narrow Your Focus: A thesis statement should be specific and focused. Avoid broad or vague statements. If your topic is too broad, you’ll have difficulty presenting a clear and concise argument. Consider narrowing it down to a manageable scope.
  4. State Your Position: Your thesis statement should express a clear and debatable position on the topic. It should be a concise declaration of what you intend to prove or discuss in your essay. Make sure your stance is evident in your thesis.
  5. Be Specific and Concise: A strong thesis statement is typically one or two sentences long. Avoid overly complex or convoluted sentences. Get straight to the point.
  6. Avoid Ambiguity: Ensure that your thesis statement is not ambiguous or open to multiple interpretations. It should convey a single, clear message. Ambiguity can confuse your readers.
  7. Provide a Roadmap: Your thesis statement can also serve as a roadmap for your essay. Mention the key points or arguments you will use to support your thesis. This helps readers understand the structure of your essay.
  8. Revise and Refine: Crafting the perfect thesis statement often requires multiple revisions. Don’t be afraid to revise and refine it as you work on your essay. Your thesis may evolve as you gather evidence and develop your ideas.
  9. Check for Clarity and Logic: Ensure that your thesis statement is logical and coherent. It should make sense to someone who reads it for the first time. Ask yourself if the points you plan to discuss logically support your thesis.
  10. Seek Feedback: If you’re unsure about your thesis statement, seek feedback from a trusted friend, teacher, or writing tutor. They can provide valuable insights and suggestions for improvement.

Examples of Strong Thesis Statements:

  • Argumentative Essay: “The government should implement stricter gun control laws to reduce the incidence of mass shootings and enhance public safety.”
  • Literary Analysis Essay: “In George Orwell’s ‘1984,’ the use of propaganda and surveillance reflects the oppressive nature of a totalitarian regime.”
  • Informative Essay: “This essay will explore the causes and consequences of climate change, emphasizing the need for immediate global action to mitigate its impact.”
  • Persuasive Essay: “Schools should incorporate comprehensive sex education programs into their curriculum to address the rising rates of teen pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections.”

Essay Introduction Examples

  • Persuasive Essay on Climate Change

Example Introduction:
Climate change is no longer a distant threat; it’s a pressing reality that demands our immediate attention. As we witness more frequent and severe natural disasters, rising global temperatures, and melting polar ice caps, the evidence is undeniable. In this essay, we will explore the causes and consequences of climate change, as well as the urgent need for collective action to mitigate its impact.

  • Narrative Essay about a Life-Changing Moment

Example Introduction:
It was a crisp autumn morning when I boarded that plane, bound for a destination unknown. Little did I know that this journey would become the catalyst for a profound transformation in my life. In the following pages, I will recount the story of that fateful day, a day when a chance encounter altered the course of my existence forever.

  • Expository Essay on the Benefits of Exercise

Example Introduction:
In today’s fast-paced world, maintaining a healthy lifestyle often takes a backseat to our busy schedules and endless commitments. However, the benefits of regular exercise extend far beyond physical well-being. In this essay, we will delve into the myriad advantages of incorporating exercise into our daily routines, from improved mental health to enhanced longevity.

  • Literary Analysis Essay on Shakespeare’s Hamlet

Example Introduction:
William Shakespeare’s tragedy, “Hamlet,” is a timeless work that has captivated audiences for centuries. With its complex characters, intricate plot, and exploration of themes such as revenge and madness, this play continues to resonate with readers and theatergoers alike. In this analysis, we will delve into the character of Hamlet and his tragic flaw, shedding light on the timeless relevance of this Shakespearean masterpiece.

  • Research Essay on Artificial Intelligence

Example Introduction:
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is no longer the stuff of science fiction; it has become an integral part of our modern world. From self-driving cars to virtual assistants, AI systems are transforming industries and reshaping the way we live and work. In this research essay, we will explore the evolution of AI, its current applications, and the ethical considerations surrounding its use.

These essay introduction examples demonstrate different approaches to engaging your readers, depending on the essay’s purpose and subject matter. Remember that a strong introduction should provide a clear sense of what the essay will discuss and capture the reader’s interest from the very beginning.

  • Argumentative Essay on Social Media

Example Introduction:
In today’s digital age, social media platforms have become an integral part of our lives. From connecting with friends to staying informed about world events, these platforms offer numerous benefits. However, they also raise important questions about privacy, mental health, and the impact of technology on society. This essay will explore both the advantages and disadvantages of social media, shedding light on the complex role it plays in our lives.


Essay Introduction serves as the gateway to your ideas, arguments, and insights. It is your first opportunity to engage your reader and persuade them to invest their time and attention in your work. By following the principles outlined in this essay, you can enhance your introduction-writing skills. Remember to start with a captivating hook, provide context and background information, present a clear and concise thesis statement, and offer a roadmap of what your essay will cover.

A well-constructed introduction not only makes your essay more enjoyable to read but also sets the stage for effective communication of your ideas. As you continue to refine your introduction-writing abilities, you will find that this crucial part of your essay can be a powerful tool for making your writing more compelling and persuasive. So, next time you sit down to write, remember the importance of the introduction, and use it to draw your readers into the world of your ideas.


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