Informative Speech Outline: Memory: How It Works
Speech goal: To inform my audience about the complexity of our memory and how vital it is to
our everyday lives.
Thesis: Our memory is dynamic, as every second of our lives, storing it until necessary, is vital
to growth, as we take knowledge into account. When taking in and remembering a confusing
experience, our brain goes through a phase since it helps broaden our minds. At the same time,
memory is crucial to our brains’ development and development as knowledge passes through
stages to be processed in our long-term memory.
A. Narration – When we learn about the strategies of memory, the first thing that comes to
mind are skills like retaining names, lists, and numbers. As we know, our memory is not
this simple, and is actually extremely complex. If you think about it, memory involves
recording every second of our lives, then storing what is necessary, and later recalling
B. Thesis – All of our memories are essential to our brain growth and development, as
knowledge passes through phases to be processed in our long-term memory.
C. Credibility – I’ve become impressed by the process of memory for as long as I can
remember. From reading and analyzing a series of memory books, and doingt lots of
research through out the internet.
D. Main points – Today, my goal is to discuss first how our memories are processed, how we
build our memory, and finally, the importance and impact that memory has on our lives.
To construct new memories, store them for periods of time, and remember them when
they are needed is vital to our personal growth, as it enables us to learn and connect with
the world around us.
Transition – Even though we use our memory each and every day, most of us don’t know exactly
what memory is.
A. Main point – According to Amy J., Memory is a complex process involving the
acquisition, storage and retrieval of information. Not all memories, however, are the
a. Memory is defined as processes that are used for the acquisition, storage,
retention and subsequent retrieval of information. ( Marin, Amy J., & Hock, Roger
i. Human memory involves the ability to maintain and retrieve information
that we have learned or experienced in our hectic lives.
b. Often we forget things, or sometimes we forget things. Often items are not fully
encoded in memory at first.
i. Memory concerns range from small issues such as forgetting where you
left your car keys to major diseases that affect the quality of life and
ability to function.
Transition – Memory is a vital factor in the creation of every human being on earth as it allows
the brain to obtain data, recognize, provide and utilize brain capacity.
1. The three primary duties of memory are encoding, storage , and retrieval.
a. Encoding, the “transformation of something one sees, hears, thinks, or
feels into a memory,” This is the first step in bringing information to the
brain. (Marin, Amy J., & Hock, Roger R. 2016)
i. Encoding relies on the emotional response, awareness, and
willingness to make correlations to our experiences.
ii. Flashbulb memories live in our encoding system which is
interesting because when we experience these vivid memories, we
often forget them in less than an hour.
iii. The goal of the encoding process is to send information to the
b. Storage is based on a three-stage theory of memory “passes through two
different memory systems prior to the final stage of permanent memory”.
(Marin, Amy J., & Hock, Roger R. 2016)
i. The first memory system is called the Sensory Memory.
1. This system only lasts for a few seconds and is made up of
both Classic and Echoic memory, visual traces of sight and
auditory traces of sound.
ii. The second system is Short-term Memory
1. It only holds knowledge for about five to 30 seconds.
iii. The final stage is long-term memory, a very powerful and intricate
system of stored information.
1. Long-term memories are classified as one of two different
types of knowledge gained.
2. Explicit memories are easily brought into consciousness.
Implicit memories are difficult to verbalize or hard to tell.
c. Retrieval cues may be activated by a certain scent, music, sensation, sight,
speech, or some other external association associated with memory.
i. A memory of a specific location could trigger memories of related
things that have occurred at that location.
ii. It is important to be considerate of the fact that people will respond
differently and heal at their own pace after being sexually