philosophy quiz

1. According to J. J. C. Smart, the value of philosophy is that it:
A) shakes us out of our customary ways of thinking
B) helps to decide between conflicting scientific hypotheses
C) helps to rid scientific discourse of nonsense
D) B, C
2. With respect to Thomas Nagel’s views on the meaning of life, which one of the following
would have the second least absurd existence?
A) God
B) mouse
C) ourselves
3. In the Meno, which one of the following is NOT a definition of “knowledge” that Plato
explicitly endorses?
A) Knowledge is true belief with an account.
B) Knowledge is apprehending the Forms.
C) Knowledge involves recollection
D) Knowledge is linked to reincarnation.
4. Which one of the following is a definition of justice provisionally accepted by Socrates in
Book I of the Republic?
A) Justice is paying what is owed.
B) Justice is treating friends well and enemies badly.
C) Justice is treating friend badly when they act badly.
D) Justice is the advantage of the weaker.
5. Which one of the following is the conclusion regarding how virtue is acquired in the
Meno?
A) Virtue is acquired by teaching.
B) Virtue is inborn (innate).
C) Virtue is a gift from the gods.
6. The servant boy example in the Phaedo is used to show that:
A) The soul exists before birth.
B) Knowledge is true belief with an account.
C) Reincarnation contributes in an important way to what we can come to know.
D) The soul exists after death.
7. Which one of the following theories does Plato explicitly endorse in The Phaedo but NOT
in the Republic?
A) theory of the soul
B) simplicity of the soul
C) theory of the Forms
D) the view that the soul is immortal
8. In the Republic, which of the following doctrines does Plato use to prove that the soul
exists after death?
A) doctrine of the opposites
B) doctrine of recollection
C) doctrine of reincarnation
D) none of the above
9. In the Phaedo, which of the following doctrines does Plato use to prove that the soul
exists before birth?
A) doctrine of the opposites
B) doctrine of recollection
C) doctrine of reincarnation
D) all of the above
10. Which of the following is a reply that Plato (Socrates) makes to Cebes’ objection to his
first proof of immortality in the Phaedo?
A) All souls would be equally virtuous if Cebes’ objection is true.
B) The soul exists before the body whereas the lyre exists before the harmony.
C) Whereas the lyre governs the harmony, the soul governs the body.
D) Plato proposes a second deductive proof of the soul’s immortality .
11. Which of the following is a property that the number 9 participates in essentially?
A) being written as either ‘3’ or ‘III’
B) being divisible by 3
C) numbering the planets
D) not being a prime number
E) B, D
12. Which of the following is an element of Plato’s first proof of immortality in the Phaedo?
A) The soul is more akin to the Forms than to the body.
B) The soul participates essentially in the Form of Life.
C) A thing that participates in a Form essentially cannot admit its opposite.
D) B, C
13. Which one of the following does Plato use in the Republic to refute Thrasymacus’ claim
that it is better to be unjust than just?
A) the weapons example
B) the physician example
C) the skilled musicians example
14. Which of the following is a challenge raised by Adeimantus and Glaucon in Book II of
the Republic?
A) People are just only because they have to be.
B) Justice arises out of the need to protect people in the market place.
C) It is better to be unjust than just.
D) All of the above.
15. The myth of the metals (the Noble Lie) is intended to play which of the following roles in
the Republic?
A) It is conclusive proof that the guardians are the most fit to rule.
B) It is an attempt by the guardians to retain their high position in the state.
C) It prevents people from trying to interfere with the business of other classes.
D) All of the above.
16. In light of how Plato defines “justice” in Book IV of the Republic, which one of the
following states would be just?
A) democracy
B) oligarchy
C) timocracy
D) tyranny
E) none of the above
17. Which one of the following states would exhibit the virtue of courage?
A) democracy
B) oligarchy
C) republic
D) timocracy
E) two of the above
18. According to Plato in Book VI of the Republic, which one of the following intellectual
activities is used to apprehend mathematical truths?
A) doxos
B) episteme
C) imagination
D) intellection
19. Which one of the following accurately describes the deterioration of the state from most
just to least just as discussed in Book VIII of the Republic?
A) Republic, Timocracy, Democracy, Oligarchy, Tyranny
B) Republic, Democracy, Timocracy, Oligarchy, Tyranny
C) Republic, Timocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy, Tyranny
D) Republic, Oligarchy, Democracy, Timocracy, Tyranny
20. Which of the following is common to Plato’s definition of knowledge in the Meno, Phaedo
and the Republic?
A) Knowledge is true belief with an account.
B) Knowledge is apprehending the Forms.
C) Knowledge involves recollection
D) Knowledge is linked to reincarnation.
E) None of the above.
21. Which of the following is an element of Plato’s second proof of immortality in the
Phaedo?
A) The soul is more akin to the Forms than to the body.
B) The soul participates essentially in the Form of Life.
C) A thing that participates in a Form essentially cannot admit its opposite.
D) B, C
22. Thrasymacus in Book I of the Republic is most accurately identified as a sophist.
A) True
B) False
23. Which one of the following are part of Plato’s ontology in BOTH the Phaedo and the
Republic?
A) Forms
B) The Good
C) Numbers
24. The servant boy example is mentioned in which of Plato’s works?
A) Meno
B) Phaedo
C) Republic
D) Meno, Phaedo
E) Phaedo, Republic
25. According to Plato in Book VI of the Republic, which one of the following intellectual
activities is used to apprehend scientific truths?
A) doxos
B) episteme
C) imagination
D) intellection
26. According to Plato, which one of the following exists in the purest sense (i.e., it is said to
have ‘Being’)?
A) Forms
B) Good
C) Numbers
D) Things
27. In Book V of the Republic, which of the following claims does Plato endorse?
A) Becoming a guardian is gender independent.
B) Guardians do not have material possessions.
C) Guardians do not know who their children are.
D) All of the above.
28. According to Plato in the Phaedo, the philosopher:
A) does not become attached to the physical world
B) lives in a state of near death
C) engages in dialectic to apprehend the Forms
D) all of the above.
29. According to Plato in the Republic, which one of the following states is vulnerable to an
external intruder?
A) Democracy
B) Oligarchy
C) Republic
D) Timocracy
30. The soul is regarded as simple in the Meno, the Phaedo and the Republic.
A) True
B) False
Part 2: (2 Paragraphs each )
1. What is Meno’s paradox and how does Socrates attempt to resolve it?
2. What is Socrates’s second proof for the immortality of the soul in the Phaedo?
3. What is Socrates’ argument for the claim that the Republic is just in Book IV? How
does Plato define justice in Book IV?
4. Which of Plato’s five proofs that it is better to be just than unjust in the Republic are
direct replies to Adeimantus and Glaucon’s objection that the just are punished in Book
II?
5. What differentiates the Forms from the Good in Plato’s Republic?
6. What is Plato’s proof of immortality in the Republic? Why does he need this proof?
Part 3: (Essay 2 pages)
Do Plato’s Forms really exist?
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