1) (1000 words) Evolution of communication functionality over the last 150 years
very important to note that for this essay, Communication refers to the act of sharing information while Interaction refers to how humans interact with various devices in order to communicate.
For each mode of communication, explore
1) What the device was and what kind of information exchange it facilitated
2) How humans received and sent information on the device.
3) Include how it changed human relationships and family life once the technology became more and more commercially accessible
Start from here – 1870s 150 years ago
Personal Computers (1970s)
Smartphones (2008 onwards)
Revolutionizing the communication process, communication technology has helped. Electronic media has helped society become more integrated, such as text messaging, email, and social networking websites. Communication has been an important part of life since the earliest years of life. The term communication is defined as a means of information being given or exchanged. Communication helps humans and other modes of life to communicate with each other and transmit essential knowledge. The data transmitted could consist of everything from a local food supply to the fire discovery.
Technology has enabled people to communicate over a distance using since the 1850s and with voice since 1876 and video since the 1930s. A recent innovation has included real-time language translation and submitting in video calls and high-quality video conferencing while on the moving device, perhaps in remote locations using satellite links. In the 1870s, the mode of communication that was developed was the telephone. One technology that changed the world and opened up a wide world of contact is the telephone. The additional contact opportunities that were available with the advent of the phone helped several organizations. Businesses continue to benefit from the additional contact networks available to complete business transactions as communication continues to grow (Tichaawa, et al., 2015). Telephone exchanges were set up to unify the phone network into a more modest geographic field. This framework permitted other individual lines to be associated with one another by means of a focal station. The precursors of switchboards were these. A person will need to connect the wires via the switchboard to each other manually. Many of the early phone consumers were companies. There will be many phones heading to the doctor’s office, the police department, or the bank.
People could subscribe to the switchboard for a subscription charge that allowed them access to the telecommunications network. A variety of attempts to communicate sound by electrical means were made by many inventors beginning in the early 19th century. A Frenchman, Charles Bourseul, who suggested that a diaphragm making and breaking contact with an electrode could be used for this purpose, was the first inventor to propose that sound be conveyed electronically. In the 1870s, Elisha Gray and Alexander Graham Bell, two American inventors, each independently designed machines that could relay speech electrically. Gray’s first system used a harmonic telegraph, consisting of a series of metallic reeds tuned to various frequencies, the transmitter, and receiver. Within 50 years after its invention, in the United States, the telephone has become an invaluable instrument. People raved about the telephone’s positive qualities in the late 19th century and ranted about what they anticipated to be detrimental.
In day-to-day activities, companies use electronic media, and people use it for personal roles, such as shopping, paying bills, and socializing. Long-distance communication and mass communication have now been made simple and comfortable by communication technologies. In the last three decades, there have been tremendous shifts in the way people live, play, and function. Changes have been recorded at an essentially higher rate than in the last ten or so many years. Mechanical advancement and imagination are the central members in advancing those adjustments. Correspondence innovation, mainly Internet correspondence, such as informal communication sites and dating sites, has smoothed socialization. Websites for social networking encourage you to quickly contact friends and family, while dating sites help you find someone compatible with them to be in a relationship. Mass contact communicates with a wide variety of entities. Schools and companies are two kinds of organizations that connect with various persons through electronic media, such as email and e-newsletters.
Runners who ran messages back and forth between individuals and homing pigeons learned to fly written statements were early ways of long-distance contact. While the telephone became a necessity for everyday life, the public ignored it at first. People believed the phone was fake, and it was just a gadget. While an important invention was the telephone, nobody took it seriously. Perhaps these persons were naive because they did not grasp the telephone’s capability. The advancement in communication technologies has helped to enable quick and almost effortless long-distance communication. A not often discussed value of communication technologies is the technology’s potential to allow persons with disabilities to communicate.
Communication infrastructure continues to provide a voice to those who have traditionally been unheard, such as electronic communication boards and advanced computer applications. The two organizations identified with PCs, correspondences, and gadgets, for example, equipment, applications, and arrangements, establish the information business. Notwithstanding improved security and morals of putting away information, information innovation activities’ execution adds to quickened preparing and information opportunity.
Today, we have some really heavy goods from both the hardware sector and the demand for programs. Enjoyed by companies, Facebook, Google and Twitter have revolutionized the way people connect and exchange information. We’ve got major businesses in the appliance world, including Microsoft (Bhat, et al, 2017). ICT’s effect on the industry is especially relevant. It lets people share knowledge and advice easily and set up a low-cost online shop or website, dramatically reducing the barriers to starting a company. Thus, it is a big enabler of transformation, and ICT’s maturity is closely connected to economic growth. To raise sales, advancements in technology have already been used by for-profits. Government agencies and NGOs, however, have failed to implement them effectively for the social good. ICT plays a vital role in the emergence and growth of social enterprises.
A social plan drives these businesses to further their control, but they seek financial prosperity by profit-making. This combination helps them to make the best use of technology effectively. The ICT infrastructure’s effect on social enterprises is not easy to understate. It has made it accessible for social impact, flexible for social impact, and encourages new opportunities to communicate with and interact with local communities. The telephone had evolved to be the androids used in communication today. The android has had a fantastic effect on humanity. The influence could be seen by contact rapidity, industry, easier communication in wars, and some adverse effects. In different facets of everyday life, people use mobile phones, and it is very obvious that life is not possible without cell phones. People should send letters and telegrams whether they wish to send texts or talk with their loved ones. It took several days for that telegram to reach its destination, and it took too long to have that telegram replied.
2) (700 words) Explore the use of recent developments such as speech recognition and translation or the improving quality of live video to help disabled people.
– Explore speech recognition tech to help deaf people – Speech to text
– Explore improved Natural language processing to help blind people read – Text to Speech
– Explore improved quality of brain computer interfaces (BCI) to help disabled people – Communicate using brain waves
Speech recognition tech
The use of speech recognition tools has been considered by individuals looking for the most potent document production tool. Like every other product, speech recognition software has limits. It is possible to enjoy the advantages that this program provides with the correct operation while still maintaining textual consistency. For digital assistants like Siri and Cortana, smartphones were initially the only place of residence. Over the last few years, though, the definition has been decentralized. The emphasis is mostly on voice-activated home speakers at present, but this is simply a Trojan horse tactic.
These speakers are the key to the explosion of smart devices labeled under the wide Internet by taking pride in a consumer’s home. To monitor an extensive array of Internet-enabled gadgets, a Google Home or Amazon Echo can now be used, with several more to join the list by 2020. Google wants us to order more than one of these machines for home use. The more popular they are, the more they will continue to be seen by users (Anitha, et al., 2019). Their ambition is strongly encouraged by the fact that technology is now instrumental in executing everyday activities. Speech detection has reached an acceptable degree of precision for most individuals today, with all main networks reporting an error rate of less than 5%.
In their attempts for integration into the mainstream, the physically disabled have steadily improved over the last decades. It was possible to incorporate into schooling and career life because of computers’ deployment in daily life, without which it would not have been possible. More and more blind learners are attempting post-secondary studies in the face of this integration. Specifically, this situation has generated numerous new problems and new demands in the field of technical action. It is possible to break the visual handicap into two broad divisions, the partially sighted and the fully blind. We’re answering the latter just here. The use of voice is one means of making up for the lack of sight. In this case, digital technology is used to deliver voiced output as screen readers using an internal speech synthesizer. Words that appear on the projector are being read aloud. Because of the limitations of short-term memory and linearity of expression, the main drawback of using speech as a medium is its very limited operating time.
Evidence was given that in short-term memory, people will recall only seven chunks. In the feeling of touch, the alternate method to make up for the absence of visual force is. The visually impaired have had the option to peruse by running their fingertips over raised dabs on thick paper for two centuries at this point. The presence of PC based ‘Braille presentations’ wherein each drop can be lifted or limited by electromechanical gadgets has brought about a huge bounce in electronic record ease of use. The advantages of the processing of natural language are innumerable. To increase the performance of reporting systems, natural language modeling can be leveraged by organizations. Also, the quality of reporting is enhanced, and the most important material from broad collections is established.
Contingent upon the product, chatbots might be utilized for long-running discussions or straightforward routine assignments. While between these two extremes, true worth typically lies. The chatbots app appears to be customized for routine activities. Alongside normal interchanges, chatbots prepared with NLP are particularly effective in doing the little stuff so human administrators can zero in on crucial undertakings. NLP-trained chatbots can help you reduce costs associated with manual and routine activities significantly. In the future, enterprises will benefit even more as machine learning raises the chatbot’s ability and people to grow more used to communicating with machines. In market analysis and analytics, NLP chatbots and software systems may play a valuable role. Although we have more data than ever before at our hands, it takes time and energy to make sense of so much data. The brain-machine interface is a mechanism that enables persons with disabilities, people with physical disabilities, to connect with the outside world and even to monitor computers.
Due to the way brain cells interact with each other, brain-to-brain interfaces are made possible. Via a mechanism known as synaptic transfer, cell-to-cell signaling occurs where chemical signals are transmitted between cells, resulting in electrical spikes in the receiving cell. A direct communication mechanism for communicating brain signals to an external system independent of the brain’s motor activity is provided by brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). They are also targeted at helping human cognitive or sensory-motor functions, growing or restoring them. Output in BCI regulation can be further enhanced using brain waves in conjunction with other biosignals. Therefore improving the capacity to communicate with the assistive machines of persons with impaired motor systems.
3) (500 words) Explore how tech of the future will affect Human communication and Interaction
– Look at BCI interfaces and how companies like Neuralink will change family life and human relationships with revolutionary new interfaces.
How technology will affect Human communication and Interaction
During an era of globalization, technology can continue to fill a global divide. This bridge would encourage multitudes to learn and share with others about the universe. Traveling around the world by booking tickets and a hotel from one’s mobile also made it easy to accomplish the desired mission easily, comfortably, and efficiently. The Internet would provide users with an almost never-ending stream of resources, instructional content, and learning systems to read. This would raise the word/telecommuting of digital nomads and distance learning education networks. Also, people meet friends for social connections using apps. Yet, from the safety and ease of their own house, will be an effective use of technology.
Neuralink is based on the human brain’s working theory, which functions with two vectors: electricity and data. The technology of Neuralink would be in the form of an injectable consisting of a network of electrodes. Effective technology implementation can transform the technological landscape. Wireless monitoring of computers and equipment would be feasible with this technology (Bernal, et al, 2020). Users will monitor and control the technology as they shift their hands and feet in the same way. Wireless connectivity can be redefined, not only between humans and computers but between people as well.
Technology can be more perceptive to human emotions with electrodes processing human brain functions. This would make it easier to be more sensitive and adaptable to robot helpers and AI. There will be a shift in the gaming experience for players around the world. The insight generated by a computer integrated directly with the human brain would be far larger than any game module. One of the team members who were present at the event discussed how the source of all human suffering is pain. Today, there are so many diseases that can cause a great deal of pain. Treatments can also be disagreeable. The way we look at illnesses changes dramatically as this pain is somehow reduced. Neuralink systems may play a crucial role in this as well.
Stable older adults and elderly patients can find it difficult to interact, focus, memorize, speak, walk or sustain equilibrium. Such shortcomings can lead to the inability to communicate with their friends, ascend stairs, store new knowledge, or drive safely. The aging mechanism does not have a consistent impact on persons, but most elderly people need to use assistive devices to manage everyday tasks properly, if only handrails or canes are used to take moves. Unfortunately, when the cost of caring for them stretches into billions of dollars, they do not get the care they deserve. In several people suffering from neurological or physical impairments, brain machine interface (BCI) technology is now being integrated into the therapy. This technology provides the potential to dramatically increase the quality of life of these patients by substantially enhancing their personal control and mobility.
Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology is also being incorporated into treating many persons suffering from mental or physical impairments. By significantly increasing their autonomy and mobility, this device can drastically improve these patients’ quality of life. In several ways, BCI devices may be helpful for elderly persons. They are training their thinking skills to stop the consequences of aging. Regulation of home equipment and contact during everyday tasks with others. In comparison, exoskeleton regulation is used to increase the strength of the joints of the body.
Anitha, T., Shanthi, N., Sathiyasheelan, R., Emayavaramban, G., & Rajendran, T. (2019). Brain-computer interface for persons with motor disabilities-A review. The Open Biomedical Engineering Journal, 13(1).
Bernal, S. L., Celdrán, A. H., Pérez, G. M., Barros, M. T., & Balasubramaniam, S. (2021). Security in Brain-Computer Interfaces: State-of-the-Art, Opportunities, and Future Challenges. ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR), 54(1), 1-35.
Bhat, P. G., Rout, D. K., Subudhi, B. N., & Veerakumar, T. (2017, December). Vision sensory substitution to aid the blind in reading and object recognition. In 2017 Fourth International Conference on Image Information Processing (ICIIP) (pp. 1-6). IEEE.
Tichaawa, T. M., Mhlanga, O., & Sicwebu, S. (2017). The impact of information communication technologies (ICTs) on tourism businesses in East London, South Africa. Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica, 13(3).
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